The recommendation for the approval was contained in the report of the Conference Committee of the two chambers on the 2013-2015 Medium Term Expenditure Framework and Fiscal Strategy Paper of the Federal Government.
The $79 is $1 less than the $80 the House of Representatives passed in October, and $1 above the $78 that the Senate passed earlier.
However, it is $4 higher than the original proposal of $75 by the Executive.
The implication of the harmonised position is that both chambers kept to their word not to approve $75 as the benchmark for next year’s budget.
It will be recalled that the oil benchmark for the proposed budget of N4.9tn had generated much heat between the Executive and the National Assembly, particularly the House of Representatives.
While the Executive claimed it was playing safe because of unstable crude oil prices on the international market, the House argued that a higher benchmark should be used to cut budget deficit.
The 2013 budget has a deficit of over N1tn.
The House stated that rather than borrow over N600bn from the domestic market to fund the deficit as proposed in the budget, the government should raise the benchmark from $75 and use the difference to finance the deficit.
The benchmark was the only major area of difference in both chambers’ versions of the MTEF, as they largely agreed with the Executive’s proposals on other areas.
The House retained the crude oil production levels of 2.526 million barrels per day for 2013; 2.611 million bpd for 2014 and 2.68 million bpd for 2015.
The Senate cautioned the government against “extreme” foreign borrowing and called for the details of the Subsidy Re-Investment Programme to be attached to the annual appropriation for scrutiny and approval by the National Assembly.
Furthermore, the House directed the Nigerian Customs Service to improve on its revenue target for 2013 and advised the government to “take urgent steps to review all laws that allow its agencies to expend their revenue with little or no operating surpluses.”
Giving a summary of the conference report to members prior to its adoption on Tuesday, the Chairman, House Committee on Appropriations, Mr. John Enoh, explained how both chambers engaged in a series of consultations and meetings before they finally arrived at $79 on Tuesday morning.
“We agreed on a concurrence position of $79 early this morning. This is to enable us to speed up work on the 2013 budget,” Enoh said.